History of the hacienda


The earliest document to mention the existence of the Hacienda that now houses La Ceiba Gráfica dates from 1547, and indicates that the Spaniard Pedro de Acosta was granted 6,000 hectares by the Firs Viceroy of New Spain. In 1593 it was bought by Francisco de Orduña, who bestowed the name it still bears today: Hacienda La Orduña. It comprised vast tracts of land where sugar cane was cultivated to produce sugar, together with a network of cattle ranches. La Hacienda passed through several generations of the Orduña family until, 1781, it was sold to the Spaniards Pedro López Gómez and José Arias. Following Mexico’s independence in 1810, their descendants were expelled from the country and exiled to Cuba, and in 1849 they sold the property to José María Pasquel, a wealthy businessman from the Port of Veracruz.


It is said that Maximilian of Hapsburg, on his journey from Veracruz to Mexico City to take the throne as Emperor of Mexico in 1864, rested at the Hacienda together with his wife Carlota of Belgium.


In 1907 the single-story building was completely rebuilt, giving way to the elegant two-story hacienda with broad terraces that we know today. It was in these majestic surroundings that Carlos Fuentes was conceived, when his parents were staying in the Hacienda as guests, and the great Mexican novelist pays homage to the buildings in his novel The Years with Laura Díaz. The poet Gabriela Mistral was also a visitor to the hacienda.


In 1922, the Agrarian Reform reduced the lands pertaining to the hacienda to just 400 hectares, and agricultural production stopped in 1939, when the property was bought by Rafael Murillo. It was in this period that the Ceiba Pentandra tree was planted, and this now dominates the front of the building, its branches sheltering the Center that bears its name. By the end of the 20th century, the hacienda was in a state of abandonment and was taken over by the state. In 2005, the Veracruz State Government granted the building and lands in gratuitous loan to the Civil Association Artistas Veracruzanos Bajo la Ceiba, A.C. in order to create La Ceiba Gráfica. The first task undertaken by the association was the restoration of the hacienda, an activity that is still ongoing today.